The history of poetry in the Indian subcontinent runs millennia deep. From Vedic Sanskrit poems crafted over 3,000 years ago to Urdu poetry that flourished particularly under the Mughal Empire, the sheer variety of poetry traditions that have engulfed India can be quite overwhelming. Here’s a list of those who stood out over time for their unique influences on modern Indian poetry.


Famous Hindi writer Jaishankar Prasad was born on 30 January 1889 in a noble family of Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh. It was considered a famous writer, novelist, dramatist, poet and story writer of modern Hindi literature. Jaishankar Prasad was related to the shadowy era in Hindi poetry. At the very young age, he lost his father, Babu Devaki Prasad, a tobacco merchant. He was very interested in language, literature and history from the early days of his childhood and had a special attitude towards his Vedas, which is evident in his writings.


Mahadevi Varma, (born 1907, Farrukhabad, United Provinces of Agra and Oudh [now in Uttar Pradesh], India—died September 11, 1987, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India), Indian writer, activist, and leading poet of the Chhayavad movement in Hindi literature. Varma, whose father was a professor of English, obtained a master’s degree in Sanskrit from the University of Allahabad. As one of the principal figures of the Chhayavad school of Hindi literature, her verse carries an intense underlying pathos. Some of her poetry includes Nihaar (1930), Rashmi (1932), Niraja (1934), and Sandhya geet (1936), all collected in Yama (1940).


Sumitranandan Pant is a famous modern Hindi Poet born on May 20, 1900 at Kausani village of Almora district. He is also recognized amongst chief poets of the Chhayavaadi school of Hindi literature. He spent lots of his time in different hill stations and it can be seen in his poems. She described the beauty of nature in his every poem. During his childhood days, he was counted amongst shy or girlish child and his classmates also used to tease him by introducing him as “Girl”. He did initial schooling from Almora and after completion of matriculation he moved to Kalakankar near to Prayag. In order to accomplish his graduation degree, he went to Prayag University. Because of Mahatma Gandhi’s call for Satyagraha, he left his gradation in the middle. However, he continued his education through learning of Bengali, English and Sanskrit literature.


Ramdhari Singh ‘Dinkar’ (23 September 1908 – 24 April 1974) was an Indian Hindi poet, essayist, patriot and academic, who is considered as one of the most important modern Hindi poets. He remerged as a poet of rebellion as a consequence of his nationalist poetry written in the days before Indian independence. His poetry exuded veer rasa, and he has been hailed as a Rashtrakavi (“National poet”) on account of his inspiring patriotic compositions. He was a regular poet of Hindi Kavi sammelan on those days and is hailed to be as popular and connected to poetry lovers for Hindi speakers as Pushkin for Russians.


Maithili Sharan Gupt is an eminent modern Hindi poet more popular by the epithet of Rashtrakavi. He was born in Chirgaon, Jhansi on 3rd August, 1886. Since he disliked school his father Seth Ramcharan Gupta arranged for his studies at their home. As a child, in magazines such as Saraswati. His first chief work to be published was Rang Mein Bhang in 1910. During the early years of his career he wrote under the guidance of Pundit Mahavir Prasad Dwivedi. Most of his poems are inspired by the various Indian mythologies Ramayana, Mahabharata, Buddhist stories and also the lives of various well-known religious leaders.he was taught Sanskrit, English and Bengali. Initially Maithili Sharan Gupt wrote poems .


Harivansh Rai Bachchan, Indian poet (born Nov. 27, 1907, Allahabad, United Provinces [now Uttar Pradesh], India—died Jan. 18, 2003, Mumbai [Bombay], Maharashtra, India), was one of the most acclaimed Hindi-language poets of the 20th century. His long lyric poem Madhushala (The House of Wine), published in 1935, brought him legions of fans. Bachchan’s public readings were attended by thousands of people, and the still-popular work was translated into English as well as many other Indian languages and was performed onstage and set to music. He continued to write poetry while teaching English at Allahabad University and working to promote the Hindi language in the government of Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. In the 1970s, Bachchan published a four-part autobiography, which also created a stir in the literary world; an abridged English translation, In the Afternoon of Time, appeared in 1998. In his later years his fame was eclipsed by that of his son, Bollywood actor Amitabh Bachchan.


Suryakant Tripathi Nirala, He pioneered the Chayavad movement, along with Pant, Prasad and Mahadevi Verma. Nirala was born on February 16, 1896 in Midnapur, Bengal. While growing up, he was inspired by some great personalities such as, Ramkrishna Paramhans, Swami Vivekanand and Rabindranath Tagore. Originally educated in Bengali medium, Nirala later moved to Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh where he started writing in Hindi. Some of his works include, ‘Saroj Shakti’, ‘Kukurmutta’, ‘Dhawani’, ‘Ram Ki Shakti Puja’, ‘Parimal’ and ‘Anamika’. He breathed his last on October 15, 1961.


He was born on April 4, 1889, in Bavai village of Madhya Pradesh. Pandit Makhanlal Chaturvedi was an eminent poet of Hindi literature. He was the editor of national journals like ‘Prabha’ and ‘Karmaveer’. The collection of his poems include, ‘Him Tarangini’, ‘Samarpan’, ‘Yug Charan’, ‘Dip se Dip Jale’, ‘Sahitya Devta’, ‘Kaisa Chand Bana Deti Hai’, and ‘Pushp Ki Abhilasa’. He was the first recipient of the prestigious Sahitya Akademy Award, for his work ‘Him Tarangini’, in 1954. He passed away on January 30, 1968.


Gunahon Ka Devta was written by 23-year-old Dharamvir Bharati in 1949. I first read the novel several years ago and loved it; I read it again more recently, and couldn’t get it out of my mind. I was haunted by the story, the characters, the setting, the period. It is a love story set in Allahabad in the 1940s – when the city was at the height of its beauty, with tree-lined streets, quiet bungalows, flower-filled parks and a gently-flowing Ganga. When I read the book, it seemed like a forgotten echo of a time I knew of only through family accounts and discussions


Bharatendu Harishchandra, the father of the modern Hindi literature and the Hindi theatre, was born in the Benares at 9th September in the year 1850. After serving a lot for the modern Hindi literature for 35 years, he died at 6th January in the year 1885. He was a recognized poet for his great works and renowned as one of the supreme Hindi writers, novelists and playwrights of the modern India.


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